Prison Stock on 01 Jan. 2013 & 2014

Data included in this table are regularly updated.

Country
1.0. Total number of prisoners (including pre-trial detainees) 01.01.2013
2.0. Total capacity of penal institutions 01.01.2013
Prison density per 100 places, 01.01.2013
Prison Population Rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 01.01.2013
1.0. Total number of prisoners (including pre-trial detainees) 01.01.2014
2.0. Total capacity of penal institutions 01.01.2014
Prison density per 100 places, 01.01.2014
Prison Population Rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 01.01.2014
Albania4 5054 53799.3
155.45 4544 537120.2188.3
Andorra3312526.443.34514531.0
Armenia4 7564 395108.2159.83 9234 39589.3
Austria8 2738 65095.697.98 8628 63697.1
Azerbaijan
Belgium12 1269 351124.4108.612 9459 715118.8
BH: BiH (Total)
BH: BiH (state level)
BH: Fed. BiH1 8831 844102.1
BH: Rep. Srpska1 0771 37378.4
Bulgaria
Croatia4 7413 771125.7111.24 3653 771115.8
Cyprus671455147.577.5632479131.9
Czech Republic22 63821 307106.2
215.3
16 65620 92879.6
Denmark3 8204 10393.1
68.2
3 7744 16090.7
Estonia3 2863 42096.1248.03 0263 25093.1
Finland3 1343 08996.9
57.8
3 0113 08993.2
France
Georgia
Germany65 88977 57884.9
80.3
62 63276 55681.8
Greece
Hungary17 17912 639135.9173.417 84112 584141.8
Iceland141
16386.543.8
Ireland4 0864 56489.589.03 9874 27493.3
Italy65 70147 040139.7110.162 53647 709143.1
Latvia6 1177 97076.8302.25 1397 97064.5
Liechtenstein9
2045.0
24.472035.0
Lithuania9 7299 399103.5
327.4
9 2619 39998.5
Luxembourg65671192.3122.270171198.6
Malta
Moldova
Monaco27
8133.371.4237829.5
Montenegro1 2971 100117.9208.3
Netherlands10 81712 49186.664.5
Norway3 4213 80090.067.73 5713 79394.1
Poland84 15686 90696.8218.478 99487 31190.5
Portugal13 61412 077112.7
129.8
14 28412 167117.4
Romania31 81727 125117.3158.633 43429 389113.8
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia10 0049 200108.7
Slovak Republic10 85010 822100.3200.5
Slovenia1 4101 293109.068.51 4091 293109.0
Spain: Total66 78677 89585.7
Spain: State Adm.58 55666 92487.5
148.056 96866 86485.2
Spain: Catalonia10 06211 03191.2
133.29 81811 03189.0
Sweden5 8786 98484.2
61.5
5 5256 56384.2
Switzerland7 0727 048100.3
the FYRO Macedonia
Turkey136 696142 66395.8180.7
Ukraine147 112122 184120.4324.2
UK: England and Wales83 75790 44292.6147.1
UK: Northern Ireland1 6911 88589.792.41 8171 95393.0
UK: Scotland7 6397 82097.7143.47 6857 523102.2
Mean96.9136.1
Median96.1122.2
Minimum26.424.4
Maximum147.5327.4

 Comments

Austria

For 2014:
The stock includes as well persons who are not held in prisons (i.e. persons under Electronic Monitoring). The number of inmates held in prisons is 8,384. Therefore the 478 persons not held in prisons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

Belgium

For 2013:

1. In the total stock are also included inmates held in federal institutions for young offenders, persons held in the psychiatric institution under the authority of prison administration, illegal aliens detained for administrative reasons and persons under electronic surveillance (494 SE). Are excluded inmates who were in leave permits at that time.

*494 persons under Electronic Monitoring were excluded from the calculation of the prison density.

2. In the total capacity are not included hospital units inside penal institutions. No specific capacity is foreseen for Electronic Monitoring inside penal institutions.

For 2014:

1. In the total stock are also included inmates held in federal institutions for young offenders, persons held in the psychiatric institution under the authority of prison administration, illegal aliens detained for administrative reasons and persons under electronic surveillance (1,408 SE). Are excluded inmates who were in leave permits at that time.

*1,408 persons under Electronic Monitoring were excluded from the calculation of the prison density.

2. In the total capacity are not included hospital units inside penal institutions. No specific capacity is foreseen for Electronic Monitoring inside penal institutions.

Croatia

For 2013:
All the figures are on 31st December 2012 instead of 1st January 2013.

Cyprus

For 2013:
Only information on the Prison institution is included here (both: stock & capacity). Figures from Police stations are not accounted in this Table.

For 2014:
Only information on the Prison institution is included here (both: stock & capacity). Figures from Police stations are not accounted in this Table.

Czech Republic

For 2013:
1. At 31st January 2013, after the Presidential Amnesty, there were 16,160 prisoners (including pre-trial detainees).
2. Capacity: at 31st January 2013, the capacity was 21,330.

For 2014:
Presidential Amnesty applied in 2013.

Finland

For 2013:
In the stock are included 142 prisoners under supervised probationary freedom. Therefore these 142 persons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

For 2014:
In the stock are included 133 prisoners under supervised probationary freedom. Therefore these 133 persons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

Germany

For 2013:
Data relate to 30th November 2012 instead of 1st January 2013; data on 1st January 2013 is not available.

For 2014:
Data relate to 30th November 2013 instead of 1st January 2014; data on 1st January 2014 is not available.

Ireland

For 2013:
An overall operational capacity for girls up to the age of 18 and boys up to the age of 17 is normally 52, but is currently 44 due to the fact that one 8 bed unit is closed for operational reasons.

Italy

For 2013:
Data relates to 31st December 2012 instead of 1st January 2013.

For 2014:
Stock and capacity data relate to 31st December 2013 instead of 1st January 2014.

Capacity:

  1. The figure concern the general capacity of the whole prison system. As a matter of fact, it is necessary to substract from that figure around 4,000 places temporarily unavailable due to ongoing building works or other types of restructuring works or reorganization.
  2. In Italy, the criteria adopted to calculate the surface to be put at the disposal of each inmate is the same criteria adopted for civilian housing, and namely: 9 square meters per each prisoner in a single cell, to which are added 5 further square meters per each further prisoner in multiple cells. (Ex: 1 inmate= 9 square meters; 2 inmates= 9+5 = 14 square meters; 3 inmates: 9+5+5 = 19 square meters, and so on).
  3. The prison density in the Table was calculated on the basis of usable capacity (total capacity – 4000 temporarily unavailable places = 43,709). If calculating on the total capacity, the density would have been 131.1 inmates/100 places.

Latvia

For 2013:
1. In the total stock are included 4,196 convicted persons and 1,921 persons in remand custody;
2. The calculation of the capacity is based on the surface area of 2,5 – 3 m2/prisoner.

For 2014:
Data are on 31st December 2013 instead of 1st January 2014.

Liechtenstein

For 2013:
One prison with a capacity of 16 places for males and 4 places for females.

Luxembourg

For 2013:
In the stock figure are included juvenile offenders held in the disciplinary section of the Penitentiary Centre of Luxembourg.

The Netherlands

For 2013:
In the total stock are NOT included: juvenile offenders, people in custodial clinics under a hospital order, and aliens held under detention and awaiting deportation to their home country.

Norway

For 2013:
In the total stock are not included 110 persons who were serving a prison sentence in treatment institutions.

Poland

For 2013:
The figures on the stock and on the capacity are on 31st December 2012.

For 2014:
The figures on the stock and on the capacity are on 31st December 2013.

For information: On 31st January 2014, there were 80 129 inmates in the stock.

Portugal

For 2013:
In the total stock are included 136 persons not criminally responsible who were placed in psychiatric institutions or in non-penitentiary hospitals.

For 2014:
In the total stock are included 139 persons not criminally responsible who were placed in psychiatric institutions or in non-penitentiary hospitals.

Romania

For 2013:
Capacity:
1. Facilities = 23,991 places;
2. Facilities for juveniles and young adult offenders = 1,743 places;
3. Penitentiary hospitals = 1,185 places;
4. Re-education centres for juveniles = 206 places.

Spain (State Administration)

For 2013:
Overall, there are 46,095 cells, most of them with capacity for two prisoners. The total capacity of penal institution is 66,477 places.

Switzerland

For 2014:
Day of reference: 4th september 2013.

Turkey

For 2013:
Both stock and capacity figures are on 7th January 2013 instead of 1st January 2013.

Ukraine

For 2013:
Total capacity is calculated on the basis of 4 sq m per person instead of 3 sq m per person. While calculating with the minimum of 3, the capacity is of 124,450 places.

UK: England and Wales

For 2013:
1. The stock figure is for 31st December 2012.
2. Total Useable Operational Capacity at 28th December 2012.

UK: Northern Ireland

For 2013:
In the total stock are not included persons under 18, they are held in the Juvenile Justice Centre.

UK: Scotland

For 2013:
Stock: Provisional management information obtained from the Scottish Prison Service administrative system for 2 January 2013. This figure is calculated on a slightly different basis from official statistics produced by Scottish Government and so will differ somewhat from published figures. Excludes prisoners on home detention curfew.

For 2014:
Stock: Provisional management information obtained from the Scottish Prison Service administrative system for 1 January 2014. This figure is calculated on a slightly different basis from official statistics produced by Scottish Government and so will differ somewhat from published figures. Excludes prisoners on home detention curfew.

 

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